Sharia law should apply to every Muslim and regulate religious and secular life. The Holy book of Islam tells about the principles to be followed in family and social life, explains how to deal with non-believers and what responsibilities each Muslim has. Sharia is an interpretation of Quranic records, hadiths, parables about the life of the Prophet Muhammad. According to Sharia, the greatest crime is deviation from the faith. In simple words, the Sharia tells what is allowed and what is not.
Sharia law applies to all Muslims - Sunnis and Shiites. Human activity is divided into five main categories: duties, recommendations, permitted, convicted and prohibited actions. The most important part of Sharia is the act of faith, in which every believer is required to pray, fast, give alms and make the pilgrimage to Mecca. The second part of the Sharia is called muamalat, which covers all social, political and economic issues. Sharia law provides for corporal punishment for prohibited acts.
Examples of Sharia guidelines
In Sharia law, one can find the so-called categories of values that determine the behavior and actions of all believers (followers of Islam). Wajib, or duty, is primarily daily prayer, the need for fasting and a pilgrimage to Mecca. It is considered a sin to shy away from these obligations. The duties of a Muslim, which he must fulfill, are the so-called pillars of Islam. Another category is mustahab, that is, recommended deeds for which a Muslim will receive a reward in eternal life. What activities are included in the mustahab? Building a mosque, saying an additional prayer or performing some kind of charitable act. Mubah are legal actions that cannot harm anyone, while makrooh are condemned actions that are best avoided. The last category is haram, that is, completely forbidden actions for which punishment is imposed. Misconduct and condemnation include adultery, theft, drinking alcohol and gambling.
Sharia principles are divided into two parts: the first concerns faith, the second - social, economic and political issues. The most important of these are the acts of faith that form the basis of Islam, called ibadat, which include daily prayer, fasting, charity and pilgrimage. The prayer should be said five times a day (before that, you should wash your body). During the fast, it is forbidden to eat, drink, smoke and have sexual intercourse from sunrise to sunset. The month of fasting, or Ramadan, is a sacred time, because it was then that the Quran was revealed (the time of fasting falls on the so-called lunar month). Every Muslim should make a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in his life. Thus, annually, about 2 million followers of Islam from all over the world make pilgrimages.
Sharia law punishments
Islam is often considered a barbaric and incomprehensible religion because of the punishments permitted and usually applied there. Sharia law provides for punishment for crimes such as theft and adultery. Sharia law punishments include flogging, cutting off all parts of the body, and death by stoning, beheading, or hanging. For adultery, a person can be stoned to death, but the act must be confirmed (if either party confesses or has at least four witnesses to prove it). Theft is most often punishable by death or by cutting off certain parts of the body (limbs, fingers). Homosexuality is punishable by death.
Drinking alcohol is punishable by 40 lashes, 80 blows - for libel. Blasphemy against God or the Quran is punishable by death and loss of property. There are three types of criminal law in Islam: hudud, tazir, qisas. The first concerns mandatory punishments that cannot be changed and are imposed for violation of God's commandments (crimes that do not concern people, specific punishments). Tazir means crimes for which no punishment is specified, and Qisas stands for crimes committed against other people (for example, murder). Sharia law is very strict, and any deviation from it is severely punished.
Sharia law in Ukraine
In many European countries, Muslims want to introduce Sharia law, which requires separation of men and women in public places, the wearing of the hijab by women, the application of punishments stipulated by the scriptures and a ban on listening to music. Discussions about the recognition of Sharia law have been going on for a long time, for example, in Great Britain, as well as during the sessions of the Council of Europe. France is also struggling with the growing religious influence of Muslims. Sharia law in Europe is widely and hotly discussed, causing numerous controversies.
What is forbidden for Muslims
Let's see what is forbidden for Muslims to do.
Portraits of people are strictly prohibited (historical figures, painting with the presence of shadows, creating a relief semblance of reality). If we talk about flat images of imaginary people, then they are treated more leniently. Images of animals are permitted, but not desirable. Landscapes are another matter. You can create pictures that depict landscapes, various vegetation or geometric ornaments. There are no restrictions for them.
Eating pork, meat of birds of prey and animals
Any other living creature can be eaten, but only under one condition. They must be clogged in a special way. For this, you cannot use current, batons. The animal is slaughtered, while the name of Allah is pronounced. However, there is one caveat here. If a person does not know that he accidentally ate a forbidden or improperly killed animal, then there will be no sin on him. There is a special hadith al-Bukhari, which says that Muslims should not ask the gentiles about the origin of the meat served to him. In this situation, a Muslim needs to whisper "bismillah" to himself and eat with a clear conscience.
Muhammad repeatedly informed the gentiles that wine is completely prohibited. At the beginning of His preaching work in the early suras, He pointed out that it is undesirable to use wine. After being established in Medina, He completely banned all intoxicating drinks, calling them "an abomination from the deeds of the Shaitan." Thus, any alcohol is prohibited to Muslims.
Looking at the female body (excluding the face and hands)
Thus, it is forbidden to look at a woman's body unless the woman is your wife, sister, daughter or mother. Among Arabs who profess Islam, covering the hair of the fair sex is a common obligation established by Allah Himself.
Going to a public bath, wearing shorts
Not only the female, but also the male body (from the navel to the knees) is considered "avrat" - forbidden to others. The exception is when this person is your relative.
Keeping dogs at home
There is always a lot of dirt from dogs. We are talking about saliva, wool, paw prints of this animal, which are recognized as unclean. They defile clothing and the person himself. Since Muslims have to pray 5 times a day, if they do it in a defiled manner, the prayers are not considered valid. Thus, prayers are invalid if a dog is present in the house, since it is simply impossible to prevent the presence of wool and microparticles of saliva from this animal.
A Muslim man should marry a Muslim woman. In turn, a Muslim woman can only marry a Muslim man. As for atheists and pagans, they cannot become the wives of a Muslim.
It is also a sin that offends Islam. At the same time, gambling does not mean only gambling for money.
Lending money at interest
The Prophet spoke out categorically on this topic: those who give money at interest will burn in an inextinguishable fire. As such, modern Islamic banking is an incredibly confusing field.
Wear silk clothes, gold and silver
The Sunnah cites the words of the prophet that silk, silver and gold are "haram" (forbidden) for the men of his ummah (women are allowed these excesses, provided that they do not "confuse the others" with them). A Muslim can only wear rings made of steel. He also has no right to use gold and silver lighters and pens.